Athlete Testing

Testing (also known as a sample collection) is an essential part of an Anti-Doping program. We conduct testing programs to detect the presence/use of prohibited substances or methods by athletes.

On this page

    Testing

    A Sport Integrity Australia official (or an accredited official acting on behalf of Sport Integrity Australia) may require you to provide a sample at any time and at any place.

    An athlete may commit and Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) and may receive a sanction for evading, refusing or failing to submit to sample collection during or after they are notified. The penalty for evading, refusing or failing to provide a sample upon a valid request may be the same as providing a sample that contains a prohibited substance.

    Our doping control program complies with the following:

    • World-Anti-Doping Code
    • International Standard for Testing and Investigation (ISTI)
    • Sport Integrity Australia Act 2020
    • Sport Integrity Australia Regulations 2020 including the National Anti‑Doping (NAD) scheme.

    We can test either in-competition or out-of-competition. We can test at an athlete’s training venue or home address. We can test with No Advance Notice and sample collection can include the collection of urine, blood or both. 

    Testing process in less than 6 minutes

     

    Testing pools (who can be tested)

    We maintain a Registered Testing Pool (RTP) and a Domestic Testing Pool (DTP). We will advise athletes if they are included in our RTP or DTP.

    Any athlete in the RTP will be required to provide whereabouts information.

    Athletes in the RTP and DTP may be subject to both in-competition and out-of-competition sample collection. Any other athlete who meets the definition of 'athlete' under the Sport Integrity Australia Act 2020 and Sport Integrity Australia Regulations 2020, may also be subject to testing.

    We do not disclose the reasons for including a particular athlete in a RTP or DTP as it may affect the effectiveness of the doping control program.

    We make the final decision on who is included in the RTP or DTP. We base our decisions on a number of factors and in accordance with the ISTI as published by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). 

    Criteria for including an athlete in the Registered Testing Pool and Domestic Testing Pool

    Registered Testing Pool athletes

    We will include the following athletes:

    • Olympic and Paralympic athletes
    • Athletes moving out of an International Federation’s RTP
    • Athletes identified by their National Sporting Organisation (NSO)
    • Athletes who receive public funding or financial incentives for improved performance
    • Athletes who have an association with a third party with a history of involvement in doping
    • Athletes who are serving periods of ineligibility or provisional suspensions as consequences of Anti-Doping rule violations.

    We will base our decision on:

    • The physical demands of a sport and possible performance enhancing benefits that doping may elicit
    • Available doping analysis statistics
    • Available research on doping trends
    • Injury or return from injury or any period of inactivity from other causes
    • Withdrawal or absence from expected competition
    • Going into or coming out of retirement
    • Behaviour that indicates doping
    • Sudden major improvement in performance
    • Changes in athlete whereabouts information that can indicate a potential increase in the risk of doping, including moving to a remote location
    • An athlete’s sport performance history
    • Details of past tests
    • Athlete reinstatement after period of ineligibility
    • Reliable information from a third party
    • Training periods and competition season

    The table below outlines the information required for the athlete and the source in which the information is provided from:

    For athletes included in the RTP

    Information requirements

    Information source

    Whereabouts information

    Athlete

    Personal contact details and initial contact details

     NSO

    Training, camps and competition

    Athlete and NSO

    Domestic Testing Pool athletes

    We base the decision to include an athlete in the DTP on a number of factors relating to an athlete and the sport.

    The DTP mostly contains athletes who are in national senior teams or squads (or the equivalent level, depending on the structure of the sport).

    Other factors for inclusion in the DTP include:

    • Possible Olympic and Paralympic athletes
    • Elite junior-level athletes on the cusp of senior competition
    • Athletes who are not included in our RTP that meet one or more of the identified factors.

    The table below outlines the information required for the athlete and the source in which the information is provided from:

    For athletes include in the Domestic Testing Pool

    Information requirements

    Information source

    Whereabouts information

    N/A

    Personal contact details and initial contact details

    NSO

    Training, camps and competitions

    NSO

    Information on retirement and reinstatement can be found on the whereabouts page.

    Athlete rights

    Once an athlete has been requested to undergo sample collection, the athlete has the right to:

    • see the identification of the Doping Control Officer
    • ask for additional information about the sample collection process
    • be informed of the authority under which the sample collection is to be conducted
    • be informed of the type of sample collection and any conditions that need to be adhered to prior to the sample collection
    • hydrate (unless the sample provided does not meet the requirement for suitable specific gravity for analysis)
    • have a representative present
    • have an interpreter, if available
    • request modifications if the athlete has an impairment
    • be informed of their rights and responsibilities
    • document any concerns about the process
    • receive a copy of the records of the sample collection session
    • request a delay in reporting to the doping control station for valid reasons.

    A valid delay for In-Competition testing can include:

    • performing a warm down
    • competing in further competitions
    • fulfilment of media commitments
    • participating in a presentation ceremony
    • obtaining necessary medical treatment
    • obtaining photo identification
    • locating a representative and/or interpreter
    • any other reasonable circumstances as approved by the Doping Control Officer.

    A valid delay for Out-of-Competition testing can include:

    • locating a representative
    • completing a training session
    • receiving necessary medical treatment
    • obtaining photo identification
    • any other reasonable circumstances as approved by the Doping Control Officer.

    A Doping Control Officer may reject any of these athlete rights if an athlete cannot be chaperoned throughout the whole process. This is important to ensure the integrity of the process is maintained.  

    Athlete responsibilities

    Once an athlete has been requested to undergo sample collection, the athlete has a responsibility to:

    • remain within direct observation of the Doping Control Officer or Chaperone at all times from the point of notification until the completion of the sample collection procedure
    • provide their first sample for collection
    • produce appropriate identification
    • comply with the directions of the Doping Control Officer and Chaperone during the sample collection session
    • report immediately for sample collection, unless there is a valid reason for a delay.

    Results management

    We may be advised by a WADA-accredited laboratory that an athlete's ‘A’ sample has recorded an adverse analytical finding. This could be the presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers, or evidence of use of a prohibited method on the WADA Prohibited List.

    If a review does not show that the athlete has an applicable Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) or is entitled to a TUE then we will notify the athlete.

    If the athlete's ‘A’ sample, whether urine or blood (where an ‘A’ and ‘B’ sample were collected) returns an adverse analytical finding, the athlete will have the right to have the ‘B’ sample analysed to confirm the result.

    If the athlete's ‘A’ sample returns an adverse analytical finding and the athlete has waived their right to have the ‘B’ sample analysed, Sport Integrity Australia can elect to analyse the ‘B’ sample.

    We collect urine and blood samples in accordance with WADA’s Athlete Biological Passport Guidelines. If, following the review of an athlete’s profile, we consider further investigations are required, we may contact the athlete for more information.

    We can store samples in a deep freeze facility for up to ten years. We can retrospectively analyse the samples to detect prohibited substances and methods, and enforce sanctions against athletes.